Factual error: During the final scene of this episode, Sheldon steps out of his office wearing a gas mask and engages Leonard in conversation where he then states he is making hydrogen sulphide gas (more commonly known as H2S). Leonard correctly identifies this as highly flammable. However, this gas is far more dangerous and is harmful to the human body at as low a concentration as 20 parts per million (ppm), can cause permanent damage at 100ppm and is fatal after two breaths at 500ppm. So for Raj (and his bird) to be completely unharmed in a high concentration of H2S (noted by the fire) is impossible.
Revealing mistake: When Sheldon goes to Penny's apartment and they do a scene study together, they both read lines from a multi-page script that Sheldon brings with him. On a couple of occasions the camera cuts to a side view of Sheldon and we get to see the page of the script that he's currently reading from. The pages are completely blank.
Character mistake: When Penny says she smells Chinese food and Sheldon corrects her by telling her she's slipping because it's Thai, Sheldon is eating the food with chopsticks, even though in a previous episode he uses a fork and spoon because that's how Thai people eat their food. (00:19:15)
Continuity mistake: When the girls take Sheldon out dancing, he mentions that he considers himself a proficient dancer due to his Cotillion training when he was a boy. But in S1E7 The Dumpling Paradox, when Leonard suggests that they could have gone dancing with the girls, Sheldon said that nobody in the group - including him - could dance.
Other mistake: When Sheldon and Leonard are playing Archery on Wii Sports Resort, Sheldon presses the Z button on the nunchuck controller to fire the arrow, which is incorrect. When Leonard plays, he holds the Z button as he prepares to fire, then releases the Z button to fire, which is the correct controls. (00:03:00)
Revealing mistake: Sheldon's laptop has gone through several strange transformations throughout the series, but in this episode it takes the biscuit - it appears to be a Dell XPS with the back covered up, but the shot of Sheldon chatting only to Amy shows a Mac keyboard, with the laptop running OS X.
Continuity mistake: When Sheldon and Leonard are in the kitchen discussing Leonard's upcoming night out with Mrs. Latham, there's a plastic bottle of orange juice on the table that keeps disappearing and reappearing as the camera switches between Sheldon and Leonard.
Character mistake: As they drive to Todd Zarnecki's to confront him, Sheldon says, "I almost feel sorry for the poor fool, sitting in his split-level suburban ranch..." Architecturally, split-level (technically three levels joined by half flights of stairs) and ranch (single level) are separate and distinct designs. There is no "fusion" of the two. I can't help but think Sheldon would have corrected anyone who said the same thing.