Other mistake: At the beginning of the movie James Bond is on a submarine underwater in Hong Kong harbor. Then, he is launched from a torpedo tube and is in Tokyo shortly afterwards. It's 1,800 miles from Hong Kong to Tokyo.
Factual error: When Bond is hiding on the monorail cart, it stops at the astronauts' quarters. After Bond gets out of the cart, a second cart passes by, even though the cart he arrived in is still on the track (out of shot). No one moved the cart before the second cart passed through.
Plot hole: Other than a reason to advance the the plot the Americans have no reason to launch their second rocket. If they're prepared to go to war because they think the Russians will steal another rocket then don't launch the rocket. It's not like there is an urgency to get another rocket into space so as far as the Americans are concerned what is the hurry?
Continuity mistake: When Bond takes the first sip of his martini at Henderson's place, the glass is about half full. You can see the level of the martini in the glass is below his finger. In the next clip there is more in the glass. The level is now above his finger, much closer to the rim.
Continuity mistake: During the scene where James Bond is running along the rooftop of Kobe Docks the camera pans away to give an arial view. 007 fights off the bad guys and rounds a stairwell opening with the door open. As the camera picks him up from ground level, or at least roof top level it shows James Bond opening the door before going through.
Continuity mistake: In the scene where Bond first arrives in Japan and is walking down the street, he passes by a woman (Aki) looking at something behind a store window, she is holding a small gold purse with a smooth gold band around the part that opens, but after she opens it and the shot shows a close up of the concealed mic inside, the gold band is now rough and twisted. (00:15:40)
Continuity mistake: At the end of the film, Blofeld is about to kill Bond and he kills the Japanese man. Watch carefully as the cat gets down and crouches next to the Japanese man. The next shot of the man, and the cat's gone.