Continuity mistake: When Kirk and Sulu enter the records room, they pick the lock. Later when they beam the officer back down, he enters the room without unlocking the door. The room should be locked since they beamed him down in the "past" erasing their having been on Earth and in the records room.
Factual error: Towards the end of the show the Enterprise is leaving Earth orbit and heading towards the sun. We see the Earth diminish and the moon appear looking exactly as it does from Earth. From this angle we should be seeing the "dark side" of the moon, which looks completely different.
Factual error: When the Enterprise is slingshotting its way back to the "present" it uses the computer to deposit the two men at different times, The Enterprise is traveling backwards in time, so will logically meet the time when the guard was beamed up first, not after Christopher is returned to his cockpit. So the order is wrong. Should be guard then Christopher, not Christopher then guard.