Projections - S2-E3
Other mistake: At the beginning of the episode, as B'Elanna is working her way out through the doors, the Doctor cowers and tries to hide behind things. There is no reason for him to be afraid. He can't be hurt under normal conditions - this proves to be the case later when he feels pain and says he is not programmed to feel pain, and we learned earlier in "Phage" that he can change whether or not things pass through him.
Answer: The torpedo stopped him from succeeding.