Corrected entry: When the SPECTRE vessel attempts to intercept the second U.S. capsule, the Air Force launches several intercept aircraft. But jet engines require an oxygen atmosphere to produce thrust, and the capsule is beyond the stratosphere and thus beyond any usable atmospheric concentrations for them to work. Also, the tracking sensors of their light AA missiles (also considering it was the 60s when the movie was made) would also be useless for hitting something in orbit, because their lock-on range would be far too low.
Corrected entry: When we first see Aki (right after Bond arrives in Japan and is seen walking down the sidewalk), she has short flowing hair with navy blue and red bands tied around her waist. But in the next shot, when Bond enters the Sumo wrestling building, a totally different looking woman with tied back hair and a yellow band around her waist rounds the corner in pursuit of him. (00:15:40)
Corrected entry: In the scene aboard the Navy vessel where Bond is given a burial at sea, the wrapping around his supposedly dead body is bright white, but after he is dumped into the ocean, picked up by the divers and brought aboard the submarine, the wrapping is now tan. (00:09:35 - 00:11:30)
Corrected entry: Inside the sub when Bond is talking with "M", he is handed the address of where he is to go on a small slip of paper, and after looking at it he burns it using his lighter. The paper almost immediately burns up as he holds it (normal paper would burn more slowly), which means that it must have been made of a material that burns faster (as you can tell by the red glare the flames give off). (00:13:10)
Corrected entry: Near the beginning, Bond meets Henderson and whacks him on the leg, which is artificial. H says that he lost it in Singapore in 1942. A few moments later, H says he's been in Japan for 28 years. The film was released in 1967 and is set at about that time, or a year or two earlier. So H would have been in Japan since the late 1930's - right through WWII. I really doubt they would have let him out during the war to go to Singapore.
Corrected entry: It appears that the set of the inside of the volcano with the forced perspective volcano hole high above, is the same set used in the beginning of Goldfinger where Bond sneaks into the side of metal tank and emerges into a plush room to spread plastic explosive on the tanks of nitro. If you notice, the high ceiling of that room with the round hole in it has the same forced perspective look as the inside of the volcano.
Corrected entry: After Henderson is killed, Bond has a scrap with the killer - you can clearly see he has dark shoes on. When he gets to the Osato chemical place he has white shoes on.
Corrected entry: When Bond and Kissy climb to Blofeld's volcano, it takes them from early morning to evening to complete the trip. However when Kissy gets reinforcements, the double journey merely takes minutes rather than hours.