Factual error: Shelby announces the Borg have entered Sector 001, and we get an exterior shot of the Borg ship flying past Saturn. The problem is that the Borg are approaching from the side of the planet illuminated by the sun, meaning they would actually be moving AWAY from Earth rather than toward it.
Visible crew/equipment: When Lwaxana and Deanna Troi are talking in Lwaxana's quarters (near the end of the episode), note the boom microphone you can see in the mirror as Lwaxana walks away from it the first time. Shadows from the boom microphone are also seen above Lwaxana's head on the wall.
Continuity mistake: When Data and Troi are scanning the list of elements, searching for something to cause an explosion, the list is scrolling "up" the screen. When she tells Data to stop and go back, he does, but the list continues to scroll "up" instead of back "down".
Plot hole: When the image of the warp bubble closing in on the superimposed "Enterprise" image, Dr. Crusher asked for it to be the same scale for each image. At the rate the bubble was closing in on the engineering section, it would have been destroyed LONG before the 4 minutes 15 seconds the computer gave for it to be destroyed.
Character mistake: Captain Picard wonders why the boy would want to go back to his captors if they abuse him and Dr. Crusher tells him it's not uncommon, it's called the Stockholm Syndrome as if Picard doesn't know or understand. However, in S03E12, "The High Ground", Dr. Crusher is held captive and when Picard is talking to her (after he is captured trying to rescue her), she begins to appear sympathetic to her captors and Picard says "I don't have to remind you of the psychological impact of being a hostage." Picard would be aware of why the boy may wish to return.
Continuity mistake: As the camera does a close up on the shuttle craft's forward window as it approaches the Enterprise, the dorsal section is seen getting larger the closer they get. As Data and Picard talk, the image fades out, and a minute later, the angle changes, the dorsal section is again seen getting bigger, and the ship disappears.
Continuity mistake: In the opening sequence, the venetian blinds in Dixon Hill's office rearrange themselves between takes. They're intact after the shooting, but moments later, despite being untouched by anyone in the room, they're broken and have a huge gap in them. (00:07:00)
Continuity mistake: When commander Data is reciting the code to lock the rest of the crew out of the computer, he states the code '1-7-3-4-6-7-3-2-1-4-7-6-C-3-2-7-8-9-7-7-7-6-4-3-T-7-3-2-V-7-3-1-1-7-8-8-8-7-3-2-4-7-6-7-8-9-7-6-4-3-7-6-LOCK', but when the computer screen is shown the code reads '1-7-3-4-6-7-2-1-4-7-6-C-3-2-7-8-9-7-7-7-6-3-T-7-3-2-V-7-3-1-1-7-1-8-8-8-7-3-2-4-7-6-7-8-9-7-6-4-3-7-6-LOCK.'
Continuity mistake: At the end, Picard shows Data a baby born during the crisis. Neither of them touches it, but between shots, the baby's blanket changes positions. First it's almost completely covering his head and face, then it's pulled down and showing much more of him. (00:42:15)