Character mistake: At the end of the episode, after Lore has been defeated, Picard asks Data if he is O.K. Data replies, "I'm fine." One of the plot points of this episode is that Data cannot use contractions.
Character mistake: In his exchange with Admiral McCoy, Data uses several contractions (i.e., shouldn't, I'm). For the rest of the series he doesn't, and in S3: Ep16, "The Offspring", he admits that his programming makes him incapable of using contractions. And in S4: Ep8, "Future Imperfect" Riker questions Data on when he started using contractions, knowing that Data is incapable of it.
Character mistake: When Data is on the planet, about to drop the material into the temporal rift, one of the three Datas asks which one of them should do it. The middle Data replies, "Me. It's me." Data is meant to be incapable of using a contraction.
Character mistake: When Troi is talking with Picard and Dr. Crusher about what's wrong with her mother, she says that "something was happening in her metaconscious mind." Dr. Crusher then asks "metaconscious?" As a Star Fleet doctor, she's had to study the neurology of Betazoids, Vulcans, and other telepaths. She should be familiar with the concept. (Yes, it's expository dialogue for us, the audience, however, Picard is in this scene too and it would have made more sense for him to ask about it.) (00:17:55)
Character mistake: Captain Picard wonders why the boy would want to go back to his captors if they abuse him and Dr. Crusher tells him it's not uncommon, it's called the Stockholm Syndrome as if Picard doesn't know or understand. However, in S03E12, "The High Ground", Dr. Crusher is held captive and when Picard is talking to her (after he is captured trying to rescue her), she begins to appear sympathetic to her captors and Picard says "I don't have to remind you of the psychological impact of being a hostage." Picard would be aware of why the boy may wish to return.
Character mistake: When Data and Picard discover Troi in her bathtub, Data scans her and comments that she is technically no longer "human." While Troi is indeed half human, she has the features of a Betazoid (black eyes and empathic abilities) and consistently describes herself and is described by others as a Betazoid. It is unusual for anyone to describe Troi as being "human", and it is unfathomable that Data would make that mistake.