Factual error: Because of the way radios work, when Suzie and Dustin are singing their duet they wouldn't be able to hear each other and the rest of the party would only hear a garbled mess. Per frequency only one radio should transmit at each time, so all the others can receive. If multiple radios are transmitting simultaneously, the signals will overlap and result in unintelligible noise. (00:35:53)
Factual error: When Steve and Nancy are making out, the intro to "A Hazy Shade of Winter" by The Bangles plays. While the original version of the song was released by folk-pop duo Simon and Garfunkel was released in 1968, the version heard here was released in 1986, 3 years after the scene takes place. (00:52:30 - 00:55:40)
Factual error: When Dustin's toy collection "comes to life" (thanks to Eleven), one of the robots is the Transformer Ultra Magnus. Though it appears to be modified with a motorized engine that the actual toy didn't have, that's not the mistake, as there no reason Dustin couldn't have modified it. The error is that the season is set in July 1985, but Ultra Magnus wasn't released in the U.S. until 1986. (Yes, the toy was available as a Diaclone in Japan, but in a different color scheme. Dustin's has the coloring of the U.S. version, and even if he somehow ended up with the Diaclone version, it's highly unlikely he would have repainted a Japanese toy to resemble a Transformer he wouldn't know about the existence of yet, as the 'Transformers' animated movie wasn't released until August 1986).
Factual error: When Nancy shoots the creature the second time, she fires at least 8 shots from a 6-shot revolver without reloading. And that's assuming she reloaded after firing 3 shots at the creature the first time, even though the situation made it seem unlikely. (00:20:30)
Continuity mistake: When Will is being chased by the monster and runs into his garage, he pulls down his .22 rifle hanging on a wall rack. After he loads a few rounds aiming it at the door, the monster appears behind him. After Will and the monster disappear, the scene shows his rifle is back on the wall rack in its original spot. Did Will or the monster place it back on the wall rack while Will was being abducted? (00:07:25 - 00:08:10)
Continuity mistake: When Hopper is taking Todd's car at the gas station he hands Todd a Slim Jim he was eating, then they pan away from them to show Joyce Byers and Hop talking. When the scene widens Hop has the Slim Jim back in his hand and hands it to Todd again. (00:24:25)
Factual error: Joyce asks Will if he remembers when he was 8 and she bought him that giant box of crayons for his birthday - the 120 pack. Will is 13 in the show, so when he was 8, it was 1979. There were only 78 colors available in 1979 and the 120 crayons box was not available until 1998, almost 20 years later.
Continuity mistake: While Hopper lies his way into stealing the car from Todd and claims that Alexei has murdered many children, Hopper pushes the driver seat back into its proper upright position. Then as Hopper introduces Detective Byers to Todd, the driver seat is once again leaning toward the steering wheel before being upright in the next shot. (00:24:30)
Visible crew/equipment: While Bruce chases after Nancy and Jonathan they hide in the OR, then Nancy picks up the red phone and shouts, and in the following closeup of the ceiling mounted domed light, the upside-down reflection of a crew member wearing shorts and sneakers can be seen quickly. A few minutes later, after Jonathan jabs scissors into Tom's throat, when Jonathan leans back out-of-breath there's another closeup of the surgical light, and we can see the upside-down reflection of the cameraman's arm and part of the camera as it moves closer, then it's visible again a few shots later. (00:43:10 - 00:46:40)