Trivia: The movie opens with a scene in a night club. After the fight is over, and Indy and Willie make their escape, the name of the club is seen as they drive away - Club Obi Wan - a reference to Star Wars, also by George Lucas.
Trivia: When Indiana Jones is confronted with the two swordsmen and goes to draw his gun to repeat his easy kill from the first Indy movie, listen to the music. It's the same music that was played in Raiders of the Lost Ark in the marketplace shortly before he pulled his gun on the big twirling swordsman.
Trivia: Roshan Seth and Amrish Puri who play Chatter Lal and Mola Ram also appeared together in Richard Attenborough's epic film Gandhi in 1982.
Trivia: When the life raft crashes into in the river you can see for a second that its bottom rips apart. So Willie has much more reasons to complain about being wet ...
Trivia: Just like Indiana was named after George Lucas' dog, Willie was named after Steven Spielberg's dog and Short Round was named after screenwriters Bill Hyuck and Gloria Hatz's dog.
Trivia: According to the (excellent) novelization of the movie, when Indy is under the Thuggee spell, he believes that there is a black snake coiled in his chest. When he is given an order by Mola Ram, if he tries to resist, the snake squeezes his heart until he complies with the order.
Trivia: Willie's sequined dress in the opening "Anything goes" scene was damaged by an elephant in the jungle scene when it ate the back of the dress. As the opening scene had not yet been shot, the dress had to be repaired.
Trivia: Star Wars reference: When the lava pit is opening to sacrifice Willie, listen for the same sound as Darth Vader igniting his lightsaber.
Trivia: Something a lot of people don't necessarily pick up on. Temple of Doom is actually set before "Raiders".
Trivia: When the first sacrifice victim is being lowered into the lava pit, he is chanting "Om Nam Shiva" over and over. This translates very roughly as "Universe, Earth, Shiva," though the words themselves refer to complex concepts. This is a mantra from a Hindu practice called Shiva Yoga. Shiva Yoga also involves the use of Lingham stones, like the ones Indy is after in the movie.
Trivia: Harrison Ford injured his back when he was fighting with the Thuggee inside his suite in Pankot Palace, who was trying to choke Harrison but Harrison flips to knock the guy off. It took two weeks for Harrison to come back from his herniated back injury (after surgery).
Trivia: The little boy, Ke Huy Quan, didn't initially intend to try out for Short Round. He was merely accompanying his brother who auditioned for the character, but Ke Huy called out so much advice to him that he caught the directors' notice.
Trivia: The 'chilled monkey brains' served during the dinner scene at the Palace were made from custard and raspberry sauce.
Trivia: Kate Capshaw got a black eye when Ke Huy Quan (Short Round) hit a Thuggee, who was trying to capture Kate before she could get on the mine cart, with a stick (which was actually balsa wood) that broke in half and part of it hit her in the eye.
Trivia: Star Wars Reference: Indy charges after the guards with a sword just before going on the bridge, then has to make a quick retreat when they chase him. Remember Han Solo and the chase of the stormtroopers on board the Death Star? Harrison Ford is one brave man...
Trivia: Executive producer George Lucas has a cameo role as a missionary in the background in the airport scene at the beginning.
Trivia: Some of the action scenes in in this film were actually written for 'Raiders of the Lost Ark', but were dropped and incorporated into this one.
Trivia: When two of Lao-Che's men push Indy on a trolley into the orchestra during the fight at Club Obi-Wan, one of the members lets out a "Wilhelm Scream."
Trivia: When Indiana Jones shoots the driver of Lao-Che's car during the chase in Shanghai, a "Wilhelm Scream" can be heard.
Trivia: The orginal title for this film was "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Death" which was changed because it sounded too foreboding.
Trivia: Not a mistake, just something that's not immediately obvious: When they arrive at the plane after the club scene, the man that walks them to the plane is Dan Aykroyd.
Trivia: Indy calls Short Round 'Data' at one point, shortly after the two of them explore the tunnel out of the bedroom. Data was the actor's name in Goonies.
Trivia: The Thuggee was a real cult in India until the early 1900s. They were more of a cross between gypsies and the mafia than the army of religious zealots seen in Temple of Doom. The word Thuggee is, after all, the origin of our word "thug." For a more realistic portrayal of them, check out the Pierce Brosnan movie "The Deceivers."