Factual error: Dr Schultz pays with 12 $1000 bills, but $1000 bills were not created until 1861, after the time period of this movie.
Factual error: In the scene after the Mandingo fight in the Cleopatra club, when Leonardo DiCaprio gives his slave a beer, it is served in a flip top bottle. The first flip-top closure was created by Charles de Quillfeldt in the United States, who filed for a patent on 30 November 1874, receiving patent number 158406.
Factual error: In several scenes throughout the film, characters are shown wearing pants which have belt loops. While belts were used in the past, belt loops on pants did not come into usage until the 20th century.
Factual error: At the end of the movie, Django has a bundle of dynamite strapped to the front doorframe of Candie's house and uses it to blow up the place. The explosion caused by that bundle was way too large compared to the amount of dynamite used. It also shows the house exploding from the center out, distributing debris almost equally in all directions. But the dynamite was at the front door so most of it would have gone backwards.
Factual error: There are no Live Oaks growing in Tennessee. They can be seen in several outdoors scenes.