Continuity mistake: The first time Chewie gets into the cockpit of the Millennium Falcon, he hits his head on a small set of dice. They aren't seen in subsequent shots, nor are they seen in the rest of the trilogy.
Continuity mistake: In the Detention Block, Han and Luke are in their stormtrooper outfits and are firing at the enemy. They go to a shot of Han then to Luke. Luke's white shoulder pads of his stormtrooper outfit are clearly missing, and you can see a black undergarment. They then go back to Han and then back to Luke again, where the shoulder pads are now back. (01:15:20)
Continuity mistake: During the binary sunset, the two suns are closer together in the close-up than in the wide shot. There is also a cloud and a mountain in front of the lower of the suns, which weren't there in the wide shot.
Continuity mistake: In the scene where stormtroopers are firing at the Millennium Falcon as it leaves Mos Eisley Spaceport, watch the trooper on the far left. After he is shot he begins to fall, then suddenly he's standing again in the next shot, where he begins his fall again. This happens two or three more times, this falling and straightening.
Continuity mistake: In the end scene, when they blow up the Death Star, whether the camera is on the Ties or X-wings, the enemy is never visible in front or behind them.
Continuity mistake: In the wide screen version, after Luke, Han, Chewy, Obi-Wan and the droids come out of the hidden cargo bins in the Falcon, Obi-Wan says "Who's the more foolish, the fool or the fool that follows him." Then he tries to lift himself out of the bin...it looks as if he doesn't quite have the strength to do it - he puts his arms on the side, exerts a bit of pressure, and waits for the cut.
Continuity mistake: In the scene where R2-D2 is rolling down a path on Tatooine, under the eyes of scavenging Jawas, the path he is traveling on can be seen to end several feet in front of R2, and beyond it is a rough, rocky surface that R2-D2's wheels could not possibly traverse. In the next shot, R2 is rolling down a suddenly extended (or perhaps the same?) path towards capture.
Revealing mistake: When Han shoots a stormtrooper and runs after the rest of them, the stormtrooper he shot moves his leg out of the way so Han won't trip.
Audio problem: When Vader and Tarkin learn that Leia has lied about the location of the Rebel base, we hear Darth say "I told you she would never consciously betray the rebellion." There is a pause and Vader continues to move. An obvious dubbing error.
Continuity mistake: When you first see the Millennium Falcon, it is in the hangar. If you look close enough, you can see that only half of the ship is there. This is because it was too expensive to build a full-scale model.