Deliberate mistake: When Obi Wan deactivates the Death Star's force field, there's an electronic gauge going down and a sign in clear English with the word POWER - as we've seen in shuttles and other places, they don't use English. The studio decided it was better to show "power" and "tractor beam" in English so that the audience would know what Obi-Wan was doing. The lettering we see in Jedi doesn't really affect the plot, so it doesn't need to be English. Still doesn't really fit though. This is fixed on the DVD.
Continuity mistake: Special Edition: When Han is talking to Jabba the Hutt, as Jabba says, "Why did you fry poor Greedo?", the man standing to his left is pointing a blaster towards Han. In the next shot, the man is no longer pointing the blaster at him. (00:51:00)
Revealing mistake: When the droids head towards Tatooine in their escape pod, a rotating imperial ship is shown in the pod's window, getting smaller as the pod moves away. Regrettably, the star field gets smaller at the same rate as the ship, something that would only happen if you were moving away from a photograph, painting etc. (00:06:55)
Trivia: When they power-up the Death Star, the control panel is a Grass Valley switcher, production equipment which is still prevalent in television stations everywhere.
Other mistake: After the tractor beam pulls the Millennium Falcon into the Death Star, there's a shot of a MSE-6 droid ("mouse droid") at the feet of four stormtroopers. The trooper in the back right, is holding onto his helmet in a desperate attempt to keep it from falling off. (01:03:15)
Other mistake: Just after Obi Wan kills the two aliens in the Cantina, there are two quick "reaction shots" from both ends of the bar. If you are quick, you can see that they are both shots of the same end of the bar with one shot flipped. You can see the same human with the light blue/dark blue suit on in both shots.
Continuity mistake: Special Edition: When Han is talking to Jabba the Hutt, when Jabba begins to says, "What if everyone who smuggled for me dropped their cargo at the first sign of an Imperial starship?", Chewbacca can be seen walking behind them. In the next shot, he is suddenly walking next to a wall that was nowhere near him in the previous shot. In the following shot, he is back to his original position. (00:51:00)
Continuity mistake: As R2-D2 is rolling through the canyon, he's on a smooth part of the land. He then stops and looks around. When he starts moving again, the terrain has changed and is now full of rocks and pebbles. (00:11:20)
Continuity mistake: During the conference in the Death Star, the back of Tarkin's chair is higher in the wideshots than in the close-ups.
Continuity mistake: When the walls of the trash compactor start moving, the bar Leia uses to brace them is easily obtainable, but in the previous shots, it was partly buried in garbage.
Revealing mistake: Special Edition Only: In one of the new Mos Eisley scenes, the speeder goes down a road with two Stormtroopers on each side. The troopers are just mirror images of the ones on the other side of the street. Their movements are exactly the same.