Other mistake: The military personnel are part of the "Army", but wear USMC uniforms.
Factual error: At the onset of the Third Wave (avian-transmitted disease), Chloe Moretz narrates: "There are over 300 billion birds in the world. That's 75 birds for every person." Apparently, the screenwriters couldn't use a simple calculator. Given that the movie is set in the present (with our current human population of about 7.4 Billion), the ratio of birds-to-people can only be about 43 birds for every person, if we accept the film's "300 Billion birds" statistic. Indeed, if there were 75 birds for every person on earth, the total population of birds on the planet would be about 555 Billion, or nearly twice the number stated in the film. Additionally, if she is basing her narrative statistics on reduced human and bird populations (because so many people AND birds were exterminated in the first and second waves), HOW would she know that? The first wave knocked out electronic communications, including the Internet.