Trivia: The movie opens with a scene in a night club. After the fight is over, and Indie and Willie make their escape, the name of the club is seen as they drive away - Club Obi Wan - a reference to some other, rare bit of writing by George Lucas - Star Wars.
Trivia: When Indiana Jones is confronted with the two swordsmen and goes to draw his gun to repeat his easy kill from the first Indy movie, listen to the music. It's the same music that was played in Raiders of the Lost Ark in the marketplace shortly before he pulled his gun on the big twirling swordsman.
Trivia: When the life raft crashes into in the river you can see for a second that its bottom rips apart. So Willie has much more reasons to complain about being wet ...
Trivia: Just like Indiana was named after George Lucas' dog, Willie was named after Steven Spielberg's dog and Short Round was named after screenwriters Bill Hyuck and Gloria Hatz's dog.
Trivia: Roshan Seth and Amrish Puri who play Chatter Lal and Mola Ram also appeared together in Richard Attenborough's epic film Gandhi in 1982.
Trivia: According to the (excellent) novelization of the movie, when Indy is under the Thuggee spell, he believes that there is a black snake coiled in his chest. When he is given an order by Mola Ram, if he tries to resist, the snake squeezes his heart until he complies with the order.
Trivia: Willie's sequined dress in the opening "Anything goes" scene was damaged by an elephant in the jungle scene when it ate the back of the dress. As the opening scene had not yet been shot, the dress had to be repaired.
Trivia: Something a lot of people don't necessarily pick up on. Temple of Doom is actually set before "Raiders".
Trivia: Star Wars reference: When the lava pit is opening to sacrifice Willie, listen for the same sound as Darth Vader igniting his lightsaber.
Trivia: When the first sacrifice victim is being lowered into the lava pit, he is chanting "Om Nam Shiva" over and over. This translates very roughly as "Universe, Earth, Shiva," though the words themselves refer to complex concepts. This is a mantra from a Hindu practice called Shiva Yoga. Shiva Yoga also involves the use of Lingham stones, like the ones Indy is after in the movie.
Trivia: Harrison Ford injured his back when he was fighting with the Thuggee inside his suite in Pankot Palace, who was trying to choke Harrison but Harrison flips to knock the guy off. It took two weeks for Harrison to come back from his herniated back injury (after surgery).
Trivia: The little boy, Ke Huy Quan, didn't initially intend to try out for Short Round. He was merely accompanying his brother who auditioned for the character, but Ke Huy called out so much advice to him that he caught the directors' notice.
Trivia: Star Wars Reference: Indy charges after the guards with a sword just before going on the bridge, then has to make a quick retreat when they chase him. Remember Han Solo and the chase of the stormtroopers on board the Death Star? Harrison Ford is one brave man...
Trivia: The 'chilled monkey brains' served during the dinner scene at the Palace were made from custard and raspberry sauce.
Trivia: Kate Capshaw got a black eye when Ke Huy Quan (Short Round) hit a Thuggee, who was trying to capture Kate before she could get on the mine cart, with a stick (which was actually balsa wood) that broke in half and part of it hit her in the eye.