Factual error: There is no way Laurel Lance would have been allowed on the prosecution team for Moira Queen's murder trial. Due to the facts that she used to date the defendant's son, the defendant's daughter used to intern for her, and her boyfriend was one of the people killed in the Glades it would have taken all of two seconds for the court to have her removed if she didn't willingly recuse herself, since her presence would be a major conflict of interest.
Character mistake: When Oliver is brought into Fires' tent, he gets pushed into a pole by one of the guards. Take a close look at his handcuffs. They are so loose, he could easily escape from that. Not only that, but no guard who had any training would ever put handcuffs so loosely on someone they would treat as "hostile".
Deliberate mistake: Whenever Deathstroke is on screen, he has three grenades for a launcher strapped to his chest. But on closer inspection, you can see these grenades are actually BB-gun grenades: You can tell by the very distinctive holes at the tip. They did this because launched grenades are A) very expensive and B) not very safe to walk around with on set. A few of the most noticeable times are when Yao Fei is fighting him when he is freeing Oliver in episode 5 and when Oliver is talking to him in episode 14.
Continuity mistake: During the hallway gauntlet, Oliver takes a guy out and ends up on his left knee. He then starts to turn right and draws an arrow, which doesn't make any sense because he holds his bow with his left hand and can't get a good shot from that position. What's more, in the following shot, he is turning to his left.
Audio problem: When Oliver is fighting the guys in the hallway, he shoots the second to last guy. But when he starts to draw an instant beforehand, you can see that his right hand, with which he holds the arrow, is nowhere near the quiver when the sound of the drawn arrow begins.
Revealing mistake: After Fires shoots Wilson, he shoots a few more times with the camera on him. Here you can see that the muzzle flash is pretty obviously CGI. Look for things like that fact that it's very small, there's no light shed on the car beside Fires or on himself and there is no smoke.
Deliberate mistake: The "chest compressions" Diggle performs on Oliver at the beginning of this episode are laughable. He's barely applying any pressure at all, and his arms are almost straight out in front of him instead of straight down. I would have called this a character mistake since Diggle really ought to know better, but this is more of a safety issue than an oversight; real chest compressions tend to break ribs.
Revealing mistake: When Oliver is threatening Mathis' lawyer, he shoots him in the shoulder. When Oliver grabs the arrow and pushes it through the shoulder, there is a significant difference between the angles. Where the arrow is coming out, it is practically horizontal, but in the chest, it is at a thirty degree angle.