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Question: How come Trudi sometimes needs an oxygen mask but mostly doesn't - I can understand her not needing one (apparently, there is a glass partition between her and the rest of the helicopter; so whoever is with her has to wear masks, as they are behind the glass partition. But at one stage, Trudi and Norm are up front and Jake and Grace are behind them, and none of them are wearing masks - is the glass partition movable? And during the battle scene, you can see a bullet hole in Trudi's helicopter glass - shouldn't she need a mask now, as the outside air is getting in? Finally, how come Trudi needs a mask just after the home tree is destroyed and she and Norm and Jake and Grace (who was shot and is dying) escape and head for the Tree of Souls? What makes this time so special?

kh1616

Chosen answer: The cabin on the Aerospatiale SA-2 Samson is pressurised, and there are two sealed doors with windows separating it from the open cargo area. There are actually four seats in the cabin which is why Jake and Grace don't need masks. The cabin pressure is slightly higher than the atmosphere (+0.3 psi) which means that if there is a small rupture in the hull or canopy (such as a bullet hole) the oxygen will leak out rather than toxic gas leaking in.

Sierra1

Question: There is a scene where Parker is telling Grace that the piece of ore he is holding, called "unobtainium", is why they are on Pandora. This same ore was used in the 2003 movie, "The Core", to build the manned drilling machine to bore through Earth, to the core. Was the use of the same ore name in Avatar, done with permission from the earlier movie? Or was it a mistake?

Big John

Chosen answer: The Core didn't originate the name - it's been used since the 50's and even has its own Wikipedia article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unobtainium. There it's described as "any fictional, extremely rare, costly, or impossible material, or (less commonly) device needed to fulfill a given design for a given application."

Jon Sandys

Question: Does this movie take place in the same universe as ALIENS?

Chosen answer: No. The Alien franchise, which kicks off in the year 2122, depicts a human civilisation in possession of faster-than-light transport and multiple interstellar colonies. The civilisation seen in Avatar, the majority of which is set in 2154, do not appear to have FTL travel, as they take six years to travel to the Alpha Centauri system, a distance of approximately 4.5 light years.

Tailkinker

Question: When Jake and Neytiri return to Hometree, how did Tsutey know that they had mated with each other?

Mithcoriel

Chosen answer: Jake and Neytiri were holding hands and Neytiri had her hair unbraided. It is also possible that when Na'vi mate, their appearance changes slightly in a way that only other Na'vi could see.

Question: I've got two questions 1)What Neytiri meant when she said that she mated with Jake before Eywa? 2) How did Tsu'tey know that Jake and Neytiri have mated?

PinkStar0000

Chosen answer: (1) Neytiri means that she has bonded with Jake in the eyes of their deity, that, by Na'vi tradition, they are effectively married. (2) Jake and Neytiri show up holding hands, and it's clear that Tsu'tey, who was already suspicious that they had an affection for each other, spots it. He's not stupid, he can work it out for himself.

Tailkinker

Question: What does the mineral the RDA is after do? It's probably a superconductor, but it could also be a catalyst for hydrogen production (explains the floating mountains), or elements from the Island of Stability*, which are super-nuclear-fission fuel. Is it added to other materials to make them stronger and better, like platinum? Does this mineral make practical fusion possible, or even antimatter reactions? Is it an actual anti-gravity mineral? What is it?*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Island_of_stabilityhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dilithium_(Star_Trek)Fictional_elements_and_materials.

Chosen answer: It's described as a room-temperature superconductor. That's all we get. Its primary purpose is to drive the plot.

Tailkinker

Question: All the creatures in Avatar are six-limbed but the Na'vis are four-limbed. Isn't it a fault in an evolutionary point of view?

Ragze

Chosen answer: Not really. It simply means that the Na'vi split off from the common Pandoran ancestral tree much earlier in their development, before six limbs became a common element. This could also explain why the Na'vi only have one sensory appendage while most of the other life forms have two.

Guy

Question: At the end when all the forest animals on Pandora join in the fight, they seem to be targeting only humans. Since they can't determine the good ones from the bad ones, wouldn't this have put Norm Spellman (now back in his human form) in extreme danger? Always considered it a plot-hole, but any explanations would be welcome.

Gavin Jackson

Chosen answer: I wouldn't say it was a plot hole. Animals may be able to attack only humans, but they would be unable to differentiate between individual ones, so yes, Norm would be at risk of being attacked.

raywest

Question: When they get the injured Grace to the Tree of Souls, she's naked, just covered in vines. How did they get those plants to cover her and hold onto her like that? And why use plants, and not common human underwear? And come to think of it, why does she need to be naked in the first place? Sure, the roots need to access her body, but wouldn't it do to just access her head?

Mithcoriel

Chosen answer: It's a semi-religious ritual being performed by a deeply spiritual alien race. As a result, the answer to any question along the lines of "Why does it have to be like this?" can only be "Because it just does".

Tailkinker

Question: Can someone explain how the link between the human and the Avatar is actually completed? There does not seem to be a physical link. Does it have a range?

Chosen answer: While the precise details are never spelled out, each avatar is created by combining native Pandoran DNA with the DNA of the intended user, hence the avatars resembling their human selves. This allows a neural link to be created, using unspecified technology, between the human brain and the genetically similar brain of the avatar, allowing the user complete access to the senses of and control over the avatar body. If there is a maximum range over which this can be achieved, it is not mentioned at any point in the film, although the fact that all those using the avatars are present on Pandora would seem to rule out the link functioning over interstellar distances.

Tailkinker

Question: Now for people who have mastered the art of nearly light speed travel, wasn't it odd that they could not have destroyed the tree of souls with missiles launched from a distance? Dropping explosives seems so primitive.

Chosen answer: This is answered in the movie itself. The Flux Vortex area in which the Tree of Souls sits interferes with the instruments of weapons and aircraft, rendering them imprecise or unusable. This is why every time the pilots flew into the Vortex, the had to navigate by sight alone.

Guy

Question: Why doesn't Jake show any kind of emotion when he watches his brother being cremated at the beginning? I realise that the brother was the higher achiever of the two, but to not show as much as a tear for him seems really odd to me.

Gavin Jackson

Chosen answer: He knew his brother was dead, had been dead for some time. It's likely he'd already done his grieving. Also, he's a marine; he's certainly seen a lot of his comrades fall. Death is part of his way of life.

Phixius

Question: This question is more based on the soundtrack of the movie. After comparing the soundtrack CD to the music scores in the movie, I noticed there's some moments where the music is only heard in the movie, such as when we're first introduced to the floating mountains or the flute music that plays when Jake learns to ride on the direhorse. My questions are: Why were these left out of the soundtrack? And where can I find similar tracks to these? Not exact tracks, in case I can't find them, but similar music.

Chosen answer: Simply put, there is only a finite amount of storage space on a CD and something's got to give, so the composer and James Cameron decide what stays and what goes. As for finding similar music, one of the many criticisms of the Avatar soundtrack is that certain parts of it sound too much like other James Horner soundtracks. For instance when Neytiri is in the battlefield looking bewildered as people and animals are dying around her, many of the musical cues are a direct lift from Horner's other composition for Enemy at the Gates, and this is not an isolated case either.

GalahadFairlight

Question: I'm assuming that floating rocks are made from Unobtanium - thus able to fly. But where did they get all the water to supply the waterfalls?

Chosen answer: It's never stated that the floating mountains are made from any particular substance. And it's doubtful they're made from unobtanium, otherwise why would they need to mine it from underneath the Na'vi's tree? The mountains float because of some magnetic properties in that area of the planet. As for the water, I imagine it comes from the same place water comes from on mountains on Planet Earth -- melting snow.

JC Fernandez

Question: Jake's paralyzed legs really look small and thin and weak. How did they make the actor's legs look like that, since he's not really paralyzed? Or did they edit a pair of fake legs in?

Mithcoriel

Chosen answer: It would have been done with digital effects.

GalahadFairlight

Question: Why are humans unable to breathe the air on Pandora? A lack of oxygen seems plausible, but then the fires which erupt during the Hometree bombing wouldn't be sustained.

Chosen answer: Couple of possible reasons. (1) There is oxygen, hence the fires, but it's got something toxic mixed in with it. (2) It's not oxygen, but another gas capable of allowing combustion to occur. Either way, humans couldn't breathe it.

Tailkinker

Question: When Neytiri's father dies, he gives her his bow. Does that make Neytiri the chief? Or is Tsu'tey the chief now? And who's the chief after Tsu'tey dies? I read somewhere that Jake has got the face markings of a chief in one of the final scenes, suggesting he's the new leader. Though that seems a bit weird, given his lack of experience.

Mithcoriel

Chosen answer: After the death of Eytucan, Tsu'tey becomes the chief - he was established as chief-in-waiting earlier in the film. After Tsu'tey is killed, the implication is that Jake becomes the new leader - while, yes, he lacks experience, he nevertheless has the respect of the clan for his taming of the Toruk and his role in subsequent events. Also, bear in mind that the Pandoran wildlife entered the battle en masse, something that Neytiri interpreted as Eywa, the Na'vi deity, answering Jake's pre-battle prayer. Between his status as Toruk rider, his actions in the battle and his apparent endorsement by Eywa, that would be more than enough for the highly spiritual Na'vi clan to make Jake their new leader.

Tailkinker

Question: What do they need masks for when Pandora has enough oxygen to sustain fire?

Ivan-sama

Chosen answer: First, oxygen isn't the only gas that burns. But more than that, they specifically say that the atmosphere is toxic. If that's the case, it doesn't matter how much oxygen there is. They simply get poisoned.

Garlonuss

Question: Do the Avatar alien creatures on Pandora connect with horses, dragons, the soul tree or whatever with their tail or a pigtail in their hair or both?

Chosen answer: The connect with the pink fibrous tentacles contained in their hair.

Sanguis

Question: There is one part of the film I didn't quite understand. The whole war at the end of the movie was to stop the humans to bomb the Tree of Souls. However, wasn't that tree already destroyed by the dozers the morning after they "mate for life"? Also, how was Jake with the tree praying before the war when it was destroyed?

Chosen answer: I was confused about that too, when I saw the flim, but it's actually the tree of voices that is destroyed, not the tree of souls. They look almost identical, the tree of souls is never destroyed. That's what Jake is praying to before the war.

Question: Is it really likely that a main governing body on Earth wouldn't have a say in whether or not humans eradicate a whole species, not just on Earth, but on another planet, and a humanoid species at that? It just seems odd that a mining company owner has the final say on whether a scientifically significant race lives or dies.

Chosen answer: Earth is six years away. The company can do whatever the hell they like, partly because there's nobody there to stop them, but mostly because ultimately what people really care about is results. If they keep up a steady flow of unobtanium, whatever methods they took to get it will be largely ignored. And with nobody around to say otherwise, painting the Na'vi as the aggressors in the situation would be relatively easy, allowing them to claim that they were merely defending themselves and that the Na'vi brought it on themselves by their hostile actions.

Tailkinker

Question: Are the Na'Vi aware or at least able to sense if one of their kind is an Avatar? They don't seem all that surprised when they encounter one of their own kind wearing army clothing and wielding a human weapon (they actually go so far as to dub Jake a 'dreamwalker,' which I took to be their term for a Na'vi body being remotely controlled by another being), yet later on when Jake and co.'s true status as impersonators is revealed, Tsu'Tey makes a huge uproar of disgust about it.

Chosen answer: The Avatars have five fingers while the Na'vi only have four - the avatars' eyes are larger and they have eyebrows and avatar noses are more humanlike vs the na'vi's more catlike noses; the Na'vi simply tolerate the avatars (remember Neytiri tried to kill Jake). Tsu'Tey isn't angry that they are actually human, he's angry that their ulterior motive is trying to get them to leave their home.

Sanguis

Question: Did journalists disappear by 2113? Why didn't Jake and the scientists try and contact someone on Earth (or even upload the whole thing on Youtube of the future)?

Chosen answer: Because it wouldn't really do any good. Firstly, as is observed in the film, while bad publicity isn't ideal, it's worse to come back with no profits. A successful mining mission, even with some local casualties, would swiftly override any negative publicity from actions taken to secure the prize. Plus, they're six years away from Earth. Even if they could somehow get a message out through a communications system that's likely rigidly monitored by the company running the operations, it's not as if any backup could rush to help them - all they have to work with is what's right there on-planet.

Tailkinker

Question: Although it is not mentioned in the film, I assume that unobtainium has antigravity properties, since it floats in the air in Parker's office. If this is the case, the logical thing to do would be to mine the floating rocks in the hallelujah mountains, which obviously contain loads of the stuff. Why mine it out of the ground at a much higher expense?

Chosen answer: Unobtanium is a superconductor which creates an antigravity effect in a magnetic field. The places where the rocks are floating indicate that the magnetic field is stronger there, which reduces the effectiveness of the human machines and makes using them more dangerous. In fact, they specifically mention that fact when hiding among the floating rocks. They can't be tracked as easily so the odds shift a bit in their favor. Add to that the fact that human technology is geared toward surface mining, not mining floating rocks.

Garlonuss

Question: Is the gravitational force in Pandora the same as in Earth? The humans are seen walking in the same way they walk on Earth.

bharath

Chosen answer: No, it's not the same, it's a little bit lighter, as mentioned by the Colonel early on in the film. That's part of why many of the creatures are so tall and lean there. Lighter gravity wouldn't really affect the way you walk - astronauts on the moon hopped around due to the bulky spacesuits.

AJ Aneres

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Quotes

Neytiri: You have a strong heart. No fear... But stupid! Ignorant like a child!

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Mistakes

In the scene where Parker is shown playing golf on the indoor golf course in RDA, the first time he hits the ball, there are two other balls lying on the course side by side. In the next shot, two are distant apart and in the shot after that, they are in their original position.

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Trivia

In the final battle sequence, Neytiri has a white handprint on her chest as part of her warpaint. It has five fingers, indicating that it is Jake's hand - Avatars have five fingers while Na'vi only have four.

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