Factual error: When the porter first gets ready to shoot at the terrorists (after Ryback falls off the train) he goes through a series of verbal instructions to remind himself what to do. The very first thing he says is "safety off". The problem is that the gun he is using is a Glock pistol. Glocks use a device called a "safe-action trigger" but they don't have a manual safety that you turn on and off.
Continuity mistake: After the train comes to a complete and lurching stop, the porter is shown being thrown forward into the bad guys as a lot of baggage falls all over the place. In the final fight scene as Ryback is entering the dining car, all the tables have all their place settings perfectly intact.
Plot hole: Now why the heck is one of the stealth fighters anywhere near the train? Stealth fighters use advanced targeting and do not need to be anywhere near their target, yet in the movie the one fighter is so close to the train when it gets blown up that it looks like it's on a collision course.
Continuity mistake: When the train stops before the terrorists shoot the engineers the train stops on the switch track. But when we see the terrorists with the red flags the switch track is behind them. (00:18:45)
Revealing mistake: When the villain finishes his 1st appearance in the Pentagon's videowall (with the fake Eiffel Tower on the back), the screen turns black when he finishes his statement. However, when the camera turns to the Army men present, you can see the reflection of the villain's face on the glass.
Continuity mistake: When Bobby Zachs steals the CD, Ryback is seen with him outside the train car making their way to the next car and the train is still going about 40 miles per hour. The scene changes to back inside the train with the bad guys and the window in the background shows the train traveling about 5 miles per hour.MCKD
Continuity mistake: As Ryback approaches his fight with Penn he unloads his gun and puts the empty gun on the table (separate from the cartridge). But then as he runs through to free his niece he picks up the unloaded gun and then uses it shortly afterwards without ever reloading to shoot Dane.
Other mistake: In the scenes that show the satellite in space, there are collision lights visible. It's not like there is anyone up there that is going to fly into the satellite if they didn't see the collision lights.
Visible crew/equipment: At the beginning of the film when all the personnel leave the control room, you can see the boom mike visible in the reflection at the top of the glass.
Continuity mistake: When the kitchen is shot at by the bad guys, the chefs inside do not get hit as you can not see any blood, but when it goes to close up, they are ridden with bullets and blood is everywhere.
Plot hole: When Casey determines to hot-wire the Chevy truck, he raises the hood, grabs two bare wires on the passenger side of the engine, rubs them together, and the truck starts. However, this is patently impossible since the ignition is in the off position. The engine might crank, assuming he magically found the hot lead to the starter solenoid, but it would not start.
Continuity mistake: When Casey Ryback is heading towards the start of the train, Penn asks his henchman to check the roof of the carriage. In the first shot a man gets up off his seat and another one takes his place. In the second shot when the man is outside making his way onto the roof, you can clearly see that the other man has not moved from his position, let alone taken his place.
Revealing mistake: Look for the blatantly awful special effects when the main bad guy is falling into the flames.
Continuity mistake: This happens when they stop the train in order to get the CD that was confiscated by Steven Seagal. A moment or two after the train comes to a complete stop, Travis Dane explains how important the disc is - if you look behind him you can see the scenery outside the window still moving very quickly.