Continuity mistake: At the start, when Floyd and Andy walk into the barbershop, in the exterior shot Floyd's white barber jacket is on a hanger hanging from the coat tree that has a finial at the top of its pole, but in the next interior shot that jacket is hanging directly on the coat tree's hook, the hanger has vanished, and that finial has disappeared as well.
Revealing mistake: After Andy and Opie choose between chicken and pot roast using a nickle, when Opie gives the nickle back to Andy the window over the sink is missing - the fake window wasn't put up on the set wall for this shot, but when the food burns the window and curtains are up there as usual.
Continuity mistake: When Andy walks in on Barney showing Gomer how to draw his gun, Gomer draws his gun out of the holster which sends it flying behind him, and in the closeup the bookcase glass shatters, but in the wideshot when they all turn to look the glass is still perfectly intact.
Deliberate mistake: After Barney buys the car from Mrs. Lesh, he and Andy are standing at the steps as he tells her not to look back at the car, and the next shot of Andy and Barney at the front door is the same shot from a few moments prior, but it's been flipped so they would be looking in the opposite direction.
Deliberate mistake: While Luke and Andy are in the house, Barney, Gomer, and Otis are hiding on the porch, and Barney has the idea to turn off the lights in the house, so he goes to the circuit box located beside the windows on the front porch and switches the lights off. The problem is that this circuit box is located on the porch only for this episode as a plot point.
Visible crew/equipment: After Barney has given the governor's chauffeur a parking ticket and the chauffeur drives off, just as Barney starts to say that he's not wearing the uniform to win friends, we can see the reflection of the boom mic at the top left corner of the screen.
Continuity mistake: When Gomer drops the gun from the roof it lands on the ground directly in front of Andy and Barney, who are standing on the sidewalk beside the courthouse, but the area where they're standing looks different between the overhead shots and closeups, and their shadows change as well. Additionally, the gun lands with its handle to the left, but in the wideshot the gun is lying the opposite way, with its handle to the right.
Visible crew/equipment: After Andy explains to Barney why he's taking Peggy to a nice restaurant 55 miles away, when Barney walks away from the cell we can see the leg and shadow of the tall wood ladder (presumably the crew's) at the right side of the screen, but when Barney and Andy are by the front door there's no such ladder behind Barney in his closeups.