Continuity mistake: At the start, when Floyd and Andy walk into the barbershop, in the exterior shot Floyd's white barber jacket is on a hanger hanging from the coat tree that has a finial at the top of its pole, but in the next interior shot that jacket is hanging directly on the coat tree's hook, the hanger has vanished, and that finial has disappeared as well.
Continuity mistake: While Aunt Bee and the party guests are gathered in the parlor, when Gomer hoots like an owl in the shot facing him note Floyd's eyeglasses - black with thick straight temples, but in the shot from behind Gomer and all following shots Floyd's wearing different eyeglasses - lighter color with curved tips.
Continuity mistake: While Barney's trying to instruct the new deputy candidates, when he throws a tomato to Otis it splatters on his shirt, and a few things keep changing depending on the angle of the shot - the amount of tomato goo increases/changes position; the suspender's sliding adjuster changes height; the deputy badge changes position.
Continuity mistake: After Eddie Brooke offers Barney five dollars and asks to be let go, it cuts to the State Police car passing the "drugs prescriptions" storefront, then Barney and Eddie trip and scuffle for two consecutive shots, and when it cuts back to the State Police car they haven't even passed that storefront yet. Additionally, that storefront is only two stores down from the coffee shop where Barney and Eddie are.
Continuity mistake: On the curb outside the courthouse there's a fire hydrant beside the pole, which not only changes its position on the sidewalk in different scenes, but it has also vanished at the end when Rogers drives away, as Barney crosses the street.
Continuity mistake: When Andy walks in on Barney showing Gomer how to draw his gun, Gomer draws his gun out of the holster which sends it flying behind him, and in the closeup the bookcase glass shatters, but in the wideshot when they all turn to look the glass is still perfectly intact.
Continuity mistake: After Howard's appearance on the TV show, when he and Andy get back to Mayberry and talk to Opie on the porch, both Andy's tie and Howard's bow tie have striped designs that are positioned differently once they walk into the house, which could only happen if they were retied.
Continuity mistake: As Barney is turning in his deputy equipment to resign his handcuffs are hanging out of his pocket. After Barney states he wishes someone would just commit a crime, Opie enters. As the camera pans out so Andy can ask Opie what happened, the handcuffs are no longer in Barney's pocket, and he didn't put them on the desk with the rest of the equipment.
Continuity mistake: When Andy finds the old newspaper clipping in Helen's box he tucks it into his pocket, but when he's looking at the clipping while he's at the office the newsprint on the back is entirely different. Then when Howard reads it the newsprint changes yet again.
Continuity mistake: When Helen and Thelma Lou walk into the courthouse and find Andy and Barney dancing with Daphne and Skippy, there are lipstick marks on Barney's cheek, but when Andy gives Skippy her sweater and radio then tells them both to go, in the closeups the lipstick marks are gone, though they reappear momentarily.
Continuity mistake: After Frankie pays for the chewing tobacco in the drugstore, in the next closeup of Ellie the cigar box on the shelf behind her has black lines scribbled over all its identifying brand names (which is Van Dyck 43's), but when Frankie walks out the door, in Ellie's next semi-closeup that cigar box is unmarked again.
Continuity mistake: While Andy and Barney are trying to sell the cannon, when they're talking to the shop owner who's seated in the rocking chair we can see the area between the squad car and storefront, with various items for sale, but in the next shot the covered cannon has suddenly appeared - and it's tall enough to have been in view in the previous shot had it actually have been there.
Continuity mistake: When Barney and Andy are looking at Barney's picture on the front page of the newspaper, first, the article has nothing to do with Barney or the arrest, and second, when Barney takes the paper from Andy he folds it with the front page on the outside, and the page we see is not the same front page from the closeup.
Continuity mistake: When Andy and Mrs. Silby are walking into the courthouse, in the exterior shot of Andy opening the door he's wearing the baseball mitt on his left hand, but when it cuts to the interior shot Andy's opening the door with his left hand and the mitt has vanished.
Continuity mistake: When Andy's done showing Hollywood producer Mr. Harmon around town, he says, "Here we are, right back where we started, old oak tree," then mentions climbing that tree as a boy, and later says, "You're gonna cut down the oldest oak tree in the entire town?" But viewers have seen the entire area in front of the church (season 1 "Ellie for Council") and there isn't a large old oak tree. The fake tree was placed in this episode as a plot point between the producer and the townspeople.
Continuity mistake: While the squad's siren switch is stuck in the on position, Barney and Rogers get out of the car to open the hood, and suddenly there's a pencil sticking out of Barney's shirt pocket for Rogers to use to tap the condenser box, to stop the blaring siren.
Continuity mistake: On Flint's farm there's a cow tied to the back fence, which can be seen in exterior shots throughout the episode - when Ellie, Andy, and Barney are there. After Flint tells Barney to get off his land, in the exterior shot when Barney walks into the barn we see that cow tied to the back fence, but next shot inside the barn we see that very same cow in the stall - note the black/white markings.
Continuity mistake: While Barney's on the farm trying to get Frankie, twice he heads into the barn through the right-side entrance door within the tall sliding double barn doors (about 12 ft high), but when it cuts to the interior shots he's entering through the barn's left-side entrance door, plus the fact that it's not within huge double sliding doors. (This interior set is seen again in "Barney Gets His Man.").