Continuity mistake: At the start, when Floyd and Andy walk into the barbershop, in the exterior shot Floyd's white barber jacket is on a hanger hanging from the coat tree that has a finial at the top of its pole, but in the next interior shot that jacket is hanging directly on the coat tree's hook, the hanger has vanished, and that finial has disappeared as well.
Continuity mistake: While Aunt Bee and the party guests are gathered in the parlor, when Gomer hoots like an owl in the shot facing him note Floyd's eyeglasses - black with thick straight temples, but in the shot from behind Gomer and all following shots Floyd's wearing different eyeglasses - lighter color with curved tips.
Continuity mistake: While Barney's trying to instruct the new deputy candidates, when he throws a tomato to Otis it splatters on his shirt, and a few things keep changing depending on the angle of the shot - the amount of tomato goo increases/changes position; the suspender's sliding adjuster changes height; the deputy badge changes position.
Continuity mistake: After Eddie Brooke offers Barney five dollars and asks to be let go, it cuts to the State Police car passing the "drugs prescriptions" storefront, then Barney and Eddie trip and scuffle for two consecutive shots, and when it cuts back to the State Police car they haven't even passed that storefront yet. Additionally, that storefront is only two stores down from the coffee shop where Barney and Eddie are.
Continuity mistake: On the curb outside the courthouse there's a fire hydrant beside the pole, which not only changes its position on the sidewalk in different scenes, but it has also vanished at the end when Rogers drives away, as Barney crosses the street.
Continuity mistake: When Andy walks in on Barney showing Gomer how to draw his gun, Gomer draws his gun out of the holster which sends it flying behind him, and in the closeup the bookcase glass shatters, but in the wideshot when they all turn to look the glass is still perfectly intact.
Continuity mistake: After Howard's appearance on the TV show, when he and Andy get back to Mayberry and talk to Opie on the porch, both Andy's tie and Howard's bow tie have striped designs that are positioned differently once they walk into the house, which could only happen if they were retied.
Continuity mistake: As Barney is turning in his deputy equipment to resign his handcuffs are hanging out of his pocket. After Barney states he wishes someone would just commit a crime, Opie enters. As the camera pans out so Andy can ask Opie what happened, the handcuffs are no longer in Barney's pocket, and he didn't put them on the desk with the rest of the equipment.
Continuity mistake: When Andy finds the old newspaper clipping in Helen's box he tucks it into his pocket, but when he's looking at the clipping while he's at the office the newsprint on the back is entirely different. Then when Howard reads it the newsprint changes yet again.
Continuity mistake: When Helen and Thelma Lou walk into the courthouse and find Andy and Barney dancing with Daphne and Skippy, there are lipstick marks on Barney's cheek, but when Andy gives Skippy her sweater and radio then tells them both to go, in the closeups the lipstick marks are gone, though they reappear momentarily.