Continuity mistake: When Data and Troi are scanning the list of elements, searching for something to cause an explosion, the list is scrolling "up" the screen. When she tells Data to stop and go back, he does, but the list continues to scroll "up" instead of back "down".
Continuity mistake: In the scene where Data is brushing Timothy's hair into a copy of his own hairstyle, he stops, kneels down and asks Timothy "Timothy, are you having bad dreams?" In this shot there is a big tuft of hair on the right side of Timothy's head that sticks straight out. When their conversation is over and Data stands up in the wider shot, all of Timothy's hair is in place.
Plot hole: After Picard, Guinan, Ro, and Keiko all beam back to the ship and have been transformed into children, their clothing hangs loosely on all four. Later, Dr. Crusher even states "But as far as we can tell, only their bodies were changed". Presumably they replicate a change of clothes that fit before the next scene. However, no one on the medical team addresses the fact that the now pre-pubescent Captain Picard has an adult-sized parthenogenetic implant (fake heart) that was mentioned in many previous episodes.
Continuity mistake: Near the end of the episode, right after Lore fires the phaser at Dr. Crusher, Data tackles Lore and knocks the phaser out of Lore's hand. The phaser flies towards the cargo transporter and when it impacts, it breaks in two. You can see a piece of it go flying off to the left. Then shortly after when Data throws Lore onto the transporter pad and Lore picks up the phaser, it's in one piece again.
Visible crew/equipment: In the opening scene when Data is portraying a character from Shakespeare's play "The Tempest" a small card can be seen attached to the back of the book he is carrying (likely containing his lines), but after increasing the amount of torch light the card is no longer there.
Continuity mistake: In the beginning of the episode, Riker, Geordi, Worf, Data, and Pulaski are playing poker. Pulaski puts two neat stacks of chips in the center beside some chips in a pile. It then shows Worf putting similar stacks in the center but Pulaski's stacks are not visible and they should be. Then when Worf wins the hand, the camera is showing a wide shot of him pulling the chips towards him and you can see his and Pulaski's neat stacks of chips.
Other mistake: While down in the pit Geordi makes a couple of spikes to climb out with. When the phaser beam is melting the ore, the metal goes molten about two inches in front of the beam. Also, the spikes are rounded, like handles. The molds he made would have left a flat side.
Other mistake: Toward the end, Beverly gets in the turbo lift to go to Engineering. As it starts, you see the lights to her left strobe top down. This is to indicate movement. However, since the lift was at the bridge level, the lights should have gone from bottom up, showing that the lift is going down.