Continuity mistake: Joey's encounter with the encyclopedia salesman is riddled with errors. First, when the salesman is talking about Van Gogh and saying "He painted that," he points to a page that is all text; later, Joey is reading about vomit, and it is at a pont much further on in the book than when the salesman read about vulcanized rubber (which it shouldn't be, given the encyclopedia is alphabetized); finally, when Joey buys the "V" volume, as he opens it he has a $50 bill in his hand, and when the shot changes to show the salesman he is somehow folding and pocketing it without having taken it from Joey.
Continuity mistake: In the one where Chandler watches the video of a woman giving birth, he takes a video out of the VCR and places it on the table (he's staring at the box and when Monica moves it we hear that a tape's inside). When Monica enters the room, she asks him what he is so upset about and he presses play on the remote control. The tape immediately starts playing, despite no-one moving to put it in the player.
Factual error: When the gang all see the beach house for the first time, it's covered in a layer of sand, which is supposedly left over from a recent flood. Well, if there really had been a flood, there would have been mold on the walls and debris or junk from the outside, and the sand wouldn't have been nice and clean and dry; it would have been moldy. And there would've been a pattern, likely on the walls, of where the water rose up to and where it receded. Not only that, but how did it get in? All of the doors and windows are intact.
Other mistake: In the episode with Ross's wedding to Emily, Joey is talking on a cell phone with Phoebe as he walks down the aisle. Joey holds the phone out to Ross saying 'it's Phoebe', and one can clearly see that the phone's screen is completely blank. The phone isn't even turned on.
Continuity mistake: When Phoebe and Rachel are first talking about the apothecary table, there are two piles of CDs on it. In the side shot you can see that the two CDs on the top of the pile in front of Rachel are overhanging by a few centimetres. A few shots later, however, the top two CDs are overhanging on a different side.
Factual error: When Ross shows Chandler the book, he claims it is in "the biggest library on campus" at NYU, which would be Bobst library on Washington Square Park South. Later, in Central Perk, when Ross tells Rachel and Joey about the people "making babies" in front of his book, Joey says, "Wait a minute. Fifth floor, against that back wall?" Bobst's fifth floor is conference rooms only; there are no stacks on that floor. Joey might have been confused, but Ross should know better, being a professor and having just visited that location.
Continuity mistake: When the group is in the coffee house discussing Kip there is a bag on the table in front of Monica. When Rachel enters she places her bag on top of the bag already sitting there. Toward the end of this scene Rachel's bag then disappears and only the original bag is now sitting there.