Factual error: At the end of the movie, when it's raining, with all of the smoke and ash in the air, the rain would have likely been very acidic. The people probably wouldn't be enjoying the sudden downpour.
Continuity mistake: When Amy Barnes and Rachel are in the tunnel trying to find out what happened, Rachel falls in the crack of the tunnel, and Amy is thrown back. When it cuts to a different view, Amy Barnes falls or is thrown backwards, yet in the following shot when her hand slips from Rachel's, she falls back again. Also, when she is thrown back by the force, she is thrown back some distance, yet when the smoke subsides she is only about 1 or 2 feet from the crack in the tunnel.
Trivia: The lava was primarily made of methylcellulose, the thickening agent used in fast-food milkshakes, and the ash was made mostly of ground newspaper.
Trivia: The story about the Mexican man working in his field in 1943 when a volcano rose under his feet is true. It is the Paricutin Volcano in Mexico. It rose over 1,000 feet in a week and is one of the seven natural wonders of the world. http://wonderclub.com/WorldWonders/ParicutinHistory.html.